Underwriting Tip – Bankruptcy Waiting Periods – VA

Veterans Loans

The fact that a bankruptcy exists in an applicant’s (or spouse’s) credit history does not in itself disqualify the loan.  Develop complete information on the facts and circumstances of the bankruptcy.  Consider the reasons for the bankruptcy and the type of bankruptcy filing.

Bankruptcy Filed Under the Straight Liquidation and Discharge Provisions of the Bankruptcy Law (Chapter 7)

You may disregard a bankruptcy discharged more than 2 years ago.

If the bankruptcy was discharged within the last 1 to 2 years, it is probably notpossible to determine that the applicant or spouse is a satisfactory credit risk unless both of the following requirements are met:

the applicant or spouse has obtained consumer items on credit subsequent to the bankruptcy and has satisfactorily made the payments over a continued period, and

the bankruptcy was caused by circumstances beyond the control of the applicant or spouse such as unemployment, prolonged strikes, medical bills not covered by insurance, and so on, and the circumstances are verified. Divorce is not generally viewed as beyond the control of the borrower and/or spouse.

If the bankruptcy was caused by failure of the business of a self-employed applicant, it may be possible to determine that the applicant is a satisfactory credit risk if

–    the applicant obtained a permanent position after the business failed,

–    there is no derogatory credit information prior to self-employment,

–    there is no derogatory credit information subsequent to the bankruptcy, and

–    failure of the business was not due to the applicant’s misconduct.

If a borrower or spouse has been discharged in bankruptcy within the past 12months, it will not generally be possible to determine that the borrower or spouse is a satisfactory credit risk.


Petition Under Chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code

This type of filing indicates an effort to pay creditors.  Regular payments are made to a court-appointed trustee over a 2 to 3 year period or, in some cases, up to 5 years, to pay off scaled down or entire debts.

If the applicant has finished making all payments satisfactorily, the lender may conclude that the applicant has reestablished satisfactory credit.

If the applicant has satisfactorily made at least 12 months worth of the payments and the Trustee or the Bankruptcy Judge approves of the new credit, the lender may give favorable consideration

This article was written by ricardocobos

Since relocating from Northern Michigan in 2007 I have lived in Garner (27529) with my wife Melanie and our four children. With personal production of 8MM in real estate sales across Southern Wake County I am considered to be a local market expert in the following communities: Garner (27529), Fuquay-Varina (27526), Holly-Springs (27540), Apex (27502), and Raleigh (27603, 27604, 27606, 27609, 27610)) which spans from downtown Raleigh to Willow Spring including Lake Wheeler. Call or email me, I’m here to help! Ricardo Cobos (919) 526-0183